There are three distinct types of wrestling in the US and they are; Greco-Roman wrestling, freestyle wrestling, and folk style wrestling. Folk style wrestling is also known as high school wrestling or collegiate wrestling and is generally only done in the United States. When it comes to the international stage, Greco-Roman wrestling and freestyle wrestling are the top dogs.
Greco-Roman wrestling focuses all of upper body attacks. You’re not allowed to attack the legs at all. You’re not even allowed to touch the legs. Greco-Roman wrestling is mostly throws.
Freestyle wrestling on the other hand, is where just about anything goes. You’re allowed to throw and attack the legs. While it would appear to the new observer that points are just randomly thrown out, there are numerous ways to score in a freestyle match. If you take your opponent down you get one point, and throws can range from two points upwards to five points.
Pins also happen a lot quicker in freestyle. If you’re not careful and your role across your back, then you run the risk of pinning yourself. Pins happen that quickly in freestyle. In freestyle, you are allowed to lock your hands when you’re on top of an opponent in order to try to turn them. When you’re on the bottom, then you basically just want to lie still until the ref stands you both up.
In America when most people think a wrestling, they either think of Pro wrestling or high school wrestling. High school wrestling is also known as collegiate wrestling or folk style wrestling. Through many years of development high school wrestling has been transformed into an aggressive attacking style. Young wrestlers are taught to be aggressive and grind down their opponents.
Freestyle and folk style wrestling are very similar. However, there are a few major differences. In folk style wrestling you get two points per take down and you don’t get any extra points for nice throws. You’re also not allowed to lock your hands when your opponent is on the ground. Standing up and getting out of bottom position is also emphasized in folk style wrestling.